TerraCarbon

Track Record

Projects

Herring River Restoration Project, Massachusetts, USA

Client: Restore America’s Estuaries
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)
TC Services: Project feasibility

The Herring River Restoration (HRR) project is located in Wellfleet and Truro, Massachusetts on Cape Cod and would involve the restoration of 1,100 acres of degraded salt marsh. Project activities include removing old dikes and installing a new bridge and tidal gates to restore natural tidal flows to the project area. If implemented, the restoration would to lead to multiple ecological benefits including reduced greenhouse gas emissions as the salinity of the marsh would increase and inhibit methane production.

TerraCarbon is currently working with Restore America’s Estuaries, the National Park Service, and HRR partners to assess the feasibility of developing a blue carbon project in connection with the restoration.  The assessment will involve evaluating the technical, financial, organizational, legal, and market aspects of carbon project development. Technical feasibility is being evaluated against the recently issued VCS Seagrass and Tidal Wetland Restoration methodology.

Read more about the Herring River Restoration project.

UPM Blandin Improved Forest Management Project, Minnesota, USA

Client: UPM Blandin
Standard: American Carbon Registry (ACR)
TC Services: Project feasibility, project design, monitoring

The project is located in northern Minnesota and covers more than 175,000 acres of mixed hardwood forests. It involves improving forest management by employing Smart Forestry practices which combines ecologically-based forestry and best site management practices to increase carbon storage levels. Smart Forestry practices, long-term protection, and public access to the forest is guaranteed by a conservation easement held by the state of Minnesota in the state’s largest conservation deal ever.

TerraCarbon provided technical support to UPM Blandin on this project including feasibility assessment, project design (including design and oversight of forest carbon inventory and baseline modeling), and monitoring. TerraCarbon is also providing offset marketing support.

Read the ACR Project documentation.

The Valparaiso Project, Brazil

Client: CarbonCo LLC, a fully-owned subsidiary of Carbonfund.org
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS), Climate, Community, Biodiversity (CCB)
TC Services: Project feasibility, project design, monitoring

The Valparaiso Project is located in the western Brazilian state of Acre.  It covers more than 29,000 hectares of tropical rainforest on privately owned land.  The project involves reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation by avoiding unplanned deforestation.  Project activities include increased monitoring and patrols of the project area, training on agricultural practices and alternative livelihoods, formal recognition of land tenure for those communities living near the project, and other targeted social assistance.

TerraCarbon provided technical support to CarbonCo on this project including feasibility assessment, project design (including design and oversight of forest carbon inventory and baseline modeling), and monitoring of emissions reductions.

Read the CCBA Project Design.
Read the VCS Project Design.

The Russas Project, Brazil

Client: CarbonCo LLC, a fully-owned subsidiary of Carbonfund.org
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS), Climate, Community, Biodiversity (CCB)
TC Services: Project feasibility, project design, monitoring

The Russas Project is located in the western Brazilian state of Acre.  It covers more than 41,000 hectares of tropical rainforest on privately owned land.  The project involves reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation by avoiding unplanned deforestation.  Project activities include increased monitoring and patrols of the project area, training on agricultural practices and alternative livelihoods, formal recognition of land tenure for those communities living near the project, and other targeted social assistance.

TerraCarbon provided technical support to CarbonCo on this project including feasibility assessment, project design (including design and oversight of forest carbon inventory and baseline modeling), and monitoring of emissions reductions.

Read the CCBA Project Design.
Read the VCS Project Design.

Evaluatation of Deforestation Reduction Initiatives in Para, Brazil

Client: Mercy Corps under USAID-Skoll Foundation Innovation Investment Alliance
TC Services: Program evaluation

TerraCarbon LLC has been engaged by Mercy Corps under the USAID-Skoll Foundation Innovation Investment Alliance to evaluate the impacts of forest conservation initiatives of Imazon and the Green Municipalities Program (GMP) in the state of Para, Brazil.  Imazon is a non-profit research institute based in the Brazilian Amazon that has recently received support from the Innovation Investment Alliance to scale up its work with local governments in Para to better control and reduce deforestation. 

TerraCarbon convened a team of in-house land use change experts and economists from North Carolina State University and Duke University. The team has completed development of a quantitative approach to evaluate the impacts of Imazon’s and GMP’s initiatives to reduce deforestation in Para.  The team has completed its evaluation for the year ended July 31, 2014 to help Imazon and GMP better understand the impacts of their forest conservation initiatives and adapting them over time to improve their effectiveness. TerraCarbon will perform similar evaluations for the years ended July 31, 2015 and 2016.

Read further information about the USAID-Skoll Foundation Innovation Investment Alliance.
Read related article from 14th September 2013 edition of The Economist.

Brookgreen Gardens, USA

Client: Green Assets
Standard: Air Resources Board (ARB)
TC Services: Project feasibility study, forest inventory and growth and yield modeling

The project is located in South Carolina in the United States and involves increasing the carbon stocks in a mixed forest of bottomland hardwoods and long leaf pine. TerraCarbon conducted an initial field assessment, collecting sample plot data, and modeled growth and yield scenarios to assess the emission reduction potential of the project. TerraCarbon was subsequently engaged to carry out forest inventory and growth and yield modeling in support of the full development of this project for registration with the California Air Resources Board under the Compliance Offset Protocol for U.S. Forest Projects.

Read the ARB project documentation

Restoration of Peatlands in the U.S. Southeast Coastal Plain, USA

Client:  The Nature Conservancy
Standard: American Carbon Registry (ACR)
Services:  Feasibility, methodology and project design development

The Restoration of Peatlands in the U.S. Southeast Coastal Plain project involves the restoration of 1,300 acres of peatlands at Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge that were previously ditched and drained for conversion to agriculture and forestry. Restoration measures will include the construction of three water control structures and a 3-mile berm to allow water levels to be raised and the site to be restored to a seasonally saturated condition.

TerraCarbon is developing and will apply a first-of-its-kind GHG accounting methodology that can be used for peatland restoration in the U.S. Southeast Coastal Plain to quantify the climate mitigation (greenhouse gas, GHG) benefits of the project. TerraCarbon previously conducted a feasibility study to analyze three potential projects in North Carolina and Virginia and to assess the technical and financial viability of using carbon markets to help finance restoration and long-term monitoring costs of peatland restoration.

Carbon market incentives could provide significant funding for peatland restoration throughout the region. Development of the methodology and application to the project will demonstrate that the GHG benefits of restoration are significant and can be reliably quantified, and that peatland restoration activities should be eligible to generate offsets within current or future GHG regulatory programs. Read related article.

Reforesting Degraded Lands through the Use of Mycorrizal Innoculation, Chile

Client: Mikro-Tek, Inc.
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)
TC Services: Project design, monitoring

The Mikro-Tek Reforestation project is a grouped AR project located in the central region of Chile.  The project involves the reforestation of more than 3,000 hectares of degraded lands using mycorrizhal inoculation.  Mycorrizhae is a naturally occurring soil fungus that helps plants in the uptake of nutrients and water, and that is depleted in degraded soils.  Mikro-Tek, working with small scale private landowners, has developed specialized strains of mycorrizhae to assist in the growth of pinus radiata and euclayptus globus species in central Chile.  The mycorrizhae permits the establishment of trees on soils that have been degraded for decades, and incentivizes reforestation by reducing the risk of non-survival and low growth.

The project was successfully validated and verified in May 2013. TerraCarbon supported Mikro-Tek by preparing the project design document and designing and overseeing the first monitoring event.

Read VCS Project Description and Monitoring Report.

PURUS Protection of Tropical Rainforest and Biodiversity Project, Brazil

Client: CarbonCo LLC, a fully-owned subsidiary of Carbonfund.org
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS), Climate, Community, Biodiversity (CCB)
TC Services: Project feasibility, project design, monitoring

The Purus Protection of Tropical Rainforest and Biodiversity Project is located in the western Brazilian state of Acre.  It covers more than 34,000 hectares of tropical rainforest on privately owned land.  The project involves reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation by avoiding unplanned deforestation.  Project activities include increased monitoring and patrols of the project area, training on agricultural practices and alternative livelihoods, formal recognition of land tenure for those communities living near the project, and other targeted social assistance.

TerraCarbon provided technical support to CarbonCo on this project including feasibility assessment, project design (including design and oversight of forest carbon inventory, and support for baseline modeling), and monitoring of emission reductions.

Read the CCBA Project Design.
Read the VCS Project Design.

purus team jamie eaton at purus purus river

Lower Mississippi Valley Grouped Afforestation Project, USA

Client: The Nature Conservancy
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)
TC Services: Project design

The Lower Mississippi Valley Grouped Afforestation Project is a grouped AR project for projects located in Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Project lands will be enrolled in a USDA conservation program (e.g., the USDA Conservation Reserve Program, CRP, or Wetland Reserve Program, WRP), planted with native bottomland tree species, and encumbered with a permanent conservation easement held by The Nature Conservancy (TNC). The project is targeted to landowners who would not have enrolled in a USDA conservation program without the additional easement funding provided by TNC. The initial projects enrolled in the Lower Mississippi Valley Grouped Afforestation Project total 115 hectares. 

TerraCarbon helped The Nature Conservancy with the design of this innovative project that will allow new landowners meeting the grouped project criteria to join the program with minimal additional validation costs.  In addition to climate benefits, the project will generate significant other environmental benefits including: reduced soil erosion, improved water quality, and restoration and improve connectivity of habitat for waterfowl, neotropical migrant songbirds, and woodland wildlife.

Read the VCS Project Design.
See project video.

Parque Nacional Cordillera Azul REDD Project, Peru

Clients: CIMA, The Field Museum
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS), Climate, Community, Biodiversity (CCB)
Services: Project design, methodology development, monitoring

The Parque Nacional Cordillera Azul REDD project involves avoiding deforestation within the Cordillera Azul national park in the north eastern Andes of Peru. The project is protecting 1,351,963 hectares of forest by (1) strengthening the park protection, (2) engaging with local communities and other stakeholders in stabilizing land use and in ecologically sensible land-management activities, and (3) improving the quality of life of villagers neighboring the park. The project is estimated to generate net emission reductions of more than 18 million tons of CO2e over its initial 10 year baseline period.

The park is home to a remarkable diversity of plants and animals including an estimated 4,000-6,000 plant species, 71 species of mammals (including spectacled bears), 800 species of birds, and 200 species of fish.  In three weeks in the field, scientists found more than 30 species new to science. The project is currently undergoing VCS and CCBA validation.

TerraCarbon assisted CIMA and The Field Museum on this project by leading the preparation of the project design, including design and oversights of the forest inventory (covering more than 600,000 hectares) and modeling baseline deforestation scenarios, as well as preparation of the first monitoring report. In connection with this project, TerraCarbon also revised VM0007 (REDD Methodology Modules) to allow for a population driver approach to baseline setting and to improve the estimates of uncertainty. 

TerraCarbon is currently assisting CIMA with preparation of the second monitoring report for the project, including classification of satellite imagery of the project area to detect changes in forest cover.

Read the VCS Project Design and Monitoring Reports.
Read the CCBA Project Design.

Valdivian Coastal Reserve Climate Action Project, Chile

Client: The Nature Conservancy
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS); Climate, Community, and Biodiversity (CCB) Standard
TC Services: Feasibility, project design, monitoring, marketing and sales

The Valdivian Coastal Reserve Climate Action project is located in the temperate rainforest of southern Chile.  It involves avoiding the planned conversion of more than 1,600 hectares of native forests to eucalyptus plantations and clearing for construction of a coastal highway. Registration and initial verification of emission reductions with the Verified Carbon Standard are expected to be completed by March 2013. The Valdivian coastal forests harbor Chile’s highest concentrations of species found nowhere else on Earth and provide habitat to unique and rare birds and animals.

TerraCarbon has assisted The Nature Conservancy on this project by producing an initial feasibility study, training field personnel and overseeing completion of the forest carbon inventory, leading the preparation of the VCS Project Design document, preparing the first monitoring report, and leading the marketing and sales of credits.  TerraCarbon is currently also developing the project design and monitoring reports for the project in accordance with the Climate, Community, and Biodiversity Standard.

Read the VCS Project Design and Monitoring Reports.

Read more information on opportunities to purchase credits and support the Valdivian Coastal Reserve Climate Action Project.

Lower Mississippi Valley Reforestation, USA

Client: Entergy
Standard: American Carbon Registry (ACR)
TC Services: Project design, monitoring

The Lower Mississippi Valley Reforestation Project involves the planting of native bottomland hardwood trees on 2,942 acres of marginal agricultural lands.  The project lands are located at Pond Creek and Overfllow National Wildlife Refuges in Arkansas and Red River National Wildlife Refuge in Louisiana.  The project is expected to remove an estimated 460,000 tons of carbon dioxide over its 40 year life. Entergy partnered with The Conservation Fund and Trust for Public Land, which helped acquire the lands; Environmental Synergy, which planted the trees; and TerraCarbon, which provided prepared the project design documentation and conducted the first monitoring event.

Read the Project Design

Bayou Bartholomew Climate Action Project, USA

Client: The Nature Conservancy
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)
TC Services: Project design

The Bayou Bartholomew Climate Action Project involves the afforestation of 58 hectares (143 acres) of privately-owned former agricultural land in Morehouse Parish, Louisiana with native bottomland hardwood tree species by The Nature Conservancy.  The trees planted under this project are expected to capture and store 38,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) over the course of the 64 year project life. The Bayou Bartholomew Climate Action Project will increase important wildlife habitat and connectivity to forests located in the adjacent Chemin-a-Haut State Park and nearby tracts enrolled in the Wetland Reserve Program (WRP).  The project is also expected to generate significant water quality benefits to Bayou Bartholomew by reducing the expanse of incompatible agriculture within the greater Bayou Bartholomew Basin and restoring surface hydrology.

TerraCarbon provided project design and validation support services to The Nature Conservancy on the project.  The Tensas River Basin Project and the Bayou Bartholomew Project are noteworthy as the first VCS forestry projects on private lands in the U.S. as well as the first registered projects by The Nature Conservancy under the VCS.

Read the VCS Project Design.
Read related news story.

Tensas River Basin Project, USA

Client: The Nature Conservancy
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)
TC Services: Project design

The Tensas River Basin Project involves the afforestation of 165.4 hectares (406 acres) of privately owned former agricultural land in Franklin Parish, Louisiana with native bottomland hardwood tree species by The Nature Conservancy.  The trees planted under this project are expected to capture and store 112,390 metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) over the course of the 70 year project life. The Tensas River Basin Project is also part of a system of contiguous tracts that together comprise 3,600 acres that are under conservation management. This block of forest and restored agricultural lands are linked to nearly 100,000 acres of public land by the Tensas River and together provide critical habitat for many species, including black bear.

TerraCarbon provided project design and validation support services to The Nature Conservancy on the project.  The Tensas River Basin Project and the Bayou Bartholomew Project are noteworthy as the first VCS forestry projects on private lands in the U.S. as well as the first registered projects by The Nature Conservancy under the VCS.

Read the VCS Project Design.
Read related news story.

CIKEL Avoiding Planned and Unplanned Deforestation Projects, Brazil

Client: 33 Forest Capital
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)
TC Services: Project design and monitoring

The CIKEL REDD projects are located in the state of Para in Brazil and involve the protection of more than 25,000 hectares of tropical forests from planned and unplanned conversion to agricultural use. TerraCarbon worked with 33 Forest Capital to prepare the project design documentation for activities to avoid planned deforestation (APD) and to avoid unplanned deforestation and degradation (AUDD). TerraCarbon’s work includes design and oversight of the forest carbon inventory and baseline modeling including all related spatial analysis. The APD project was registered in May 2012.  The AUDD project is currently in validation.

See the VCS Project Design.

Reforestation of the Lower Mississippi Valley, USA

Client: Dynegy, Inc.
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)
TC Services: Project design and monitoring

The project is located in the Lower Mississippi Valley region of the United States and involves the planting and conversion of 30,000 acres of agricultural lands back to native bottomland forests.  It is estimated that the trees, planted on state and federally protected lands, will remove more than 6 million tons of carbon dioxide over the project’s 60 year life. In addition, the project restores important habitat for waterfowl, migrant songbirds, and other wildlife, and helps local communities by reducing soil erosion, increasing flood storage, and improving water quality.

The TerraCarbon developed the Project Description (PD) and conducted the first monitoring event in 2010 that generated more than 400,000 tradable credits.  The project is noteworthy as the largest carbon based reforestation project undertaken in the United States as well as the first registered VCS forestry project in the United States.

Read the VCS Project Design.
Read related news story.

Restoring a Forest Legacy at Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge, USA

Client: The Conservation Fund, Go Zero Program
Standard: Climate, Community, and Biodiversity (CCB)
TC Services: Site assessment, planting, survival assessment

The project involved planting more than 1 million native bottomland hardwood seedlings on more than 2,600 acres of land in the Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge (located in northeastern Louisiana).  The project, which was awarded gold level validation under the Climate, Community and Biodiversity (CCB) Standards, will improve flood control and water quality for communities downstream, and contribute to climate change mitigation by removing an estimated 800,000 tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere over its life. Working closely with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and The Conservation Fund, TerraCarbon was responsible for site assessment, planting, survival assessment, and CCB project support.

Read the CCB Project Design.
Read related news story.

See photos below from Go Zero’s tree planting in December 2012 that was undertaken by TerraCarbon.  All images taken by Sean Gardner for Go Zero.


Created with Admarket’s flickrSLiDR.

REDD Methodology Modules

Client: Avoided Deforestation Partners, The Field Museum
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard
Services: Methodology Development

The REDD Methodology Modules is a comprehensive and widely applicable methodology for developing planned and unplanned REDD projects under the Verified Carbon Standard. With the support of Avoided Deforestation Partners, TerraCarbon and a group of technical experts developed the original methodology that was approved in 2010. TerraCarbon also developed revision to this methodology in 2011 and 2012 for The Field Museum to add a population driver approach for projecting baseline rates of deforestation and to improve estimates of uncertainty in the baseline.

Read the VCS methodology

Reforestation of Degraded Grasslands in Uchindile & Mapanda, Tanzania

Client: Green Resources
Standard: Verified Carbon Standard
TC Services: Marketing and sales

The Reforestation of Degraded Grasslands in Uchindile & Mapanda, Tanzania involves the planting of trees on more than 10,000 hectares in the southern highlands of Tanzania.  The project is FSC certified and will provide a critical source of wood in a region that has experienced significant deforestation.  Over its project lifetime, it is expected to removing more than 5.5 million tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The project is noteworthy as the first registered forestry project under the VCS. 

TerraCarbon advised Norwegian-based Green Resources AS on the marketing and sale of the credits from the project.

“TerraCarbon provided valuable transaction support and analysis that was essential to our sale of VCS credits. TerraCarbon is uniquely qualified to provide carbon advisory services in the forest and land use sector.”
— Maria Spink, Carbon Markets Manager of Green Resources

Read the VCS Project Design